Our research suggests that empty container repositioning costs the industry $15-20 billion per year, of which $5-10 billion are due to avoidable, company specific imbalances. Of course, savings achieved per container depend on the specific route and company situation. However, our analysis of xChange transactions, applying data from the 2016 BCG Shipping Benchmarking Initiative cost database, suggests that on average each interchange on xChange saved both participants $200/unit each in port costs alone.